افعال عبارتی یا افعال دو کلمه ای در زبان انگلیسی

 

افعال جدانشدنی

back down
retreat from a position in an argument

back out
desert; fail to keep a promise

back up
move backwards

bear up
endure

blow in
drop in to visit unexpectedly

blow over
pass without doing harm

blow up
explode; lose one’s temper

call up
telephone

calm down
become calm

carry on
continue as before; misbehave

catch on
understand

catch up
cover the distance between oneself and a moving goal

check up
investigate

check out
leave; pay one’s bill

cheer up
become cheerful

clear out
leave

clear up
become clear

close down
close permanently

close up
close temporarily

came about
happen

come along
accompany; make progress

come back
return

come by
visit someone in his home

come out
appear; make a social debut

come over
come to someone’s house, to where someone is

come through
succeed

come to
regain consciousness

cut in
interrupt

die away
fade; diminish

die down
fade; diminish

die off/out
disappear; become extinct

dress up
don fancy or unusual clothes

drive back
return by car

drop in
visit someone casually without planning

drop out
abandon some organized activity; leave; quit

drop over
visit someone casually

fall behind
not progress at required pace


fall off

decrease; lose weight

fall through
fail; not be accomplished

fill in
substitute

find out
learn

fly back
return by air

fly over
fly to where someone is

get ahead
make progress

get along
have a friendly relationship

get around
circulate; move about

get away
escape

get by
manage; either just barely or with a minimum of effort

get in
enter

get off
descend from leave

get on
enter (a vehicle); mount (a horse, etc.)

get on/along
progress; be compatible

get up
rise

get through
finish

give out
become exhausted

give up
surrender; fail to finish

go back
return

go off
explode

go on
happen; continue

go out
stop burning; leave one’s residence

go over
go; succeed

grow up
mature

hang around
remain idly; dawdle

hang up
replace a telephone receive on its hook

hold on
grasp tightly; persevere; wait while telephoning

hold out
continue to resist; persevere; persist

keep on
continue

keep up
maintain the required pace or standard; continue

let up
diminish in intensity

lie down
recline

look on
be a spectator

make out
progress; succeed

make up
become reconciled

move over
move to the side

pan out
turn out well; be successful

pass out
become unconscious

pass on
die

pick up
grow; increase

pull in
arrive

pull out
deport

pull through
survive (barely)

ride over
ride to where someone is

run away
escape; leave; leave quickly without permission

run down
slowly lose power so as to stop functioning

run off
depart running; drain

sell out
sell the ownership or responsibility

settle up
pay one’s bills or debts

show off
boast by words or actions

show up
arrive; appear unexpectedly

shut up
stop talking

slow up
reduce speed

stand by
wait; be prepared to assist

stand up
stand; rise from sitting; last; endure

stay over
remain at someone’s house overnight or longer

step aside
move to one side

take off
leave the ground

take over
assume command

talk back
answer impolitely

throw up
vomit

turn around
turn so that one is facing another direction

turn in
go to bed

turn out
succeed; come; appear, as at a public meeting

turn up
arrive; be found unexpectedly

wait up
remain awake in anticipation

wake up
awaken

walk back
return on foot to where one was

walk over
walk to where someone is

wash out
fade or disappear from washing

watch out
be careful

wear off
fade; disappear through use or time

wear out
become unusable through use; become used up

work out
be successful

افعال عبارتی از بیش از یک کلمه ساخته شده اند که به این افعال دوبخشی یا چند بخشی می گوییم. این افعال به گونه ای است که هر بخش آن معنای کاملا متفاوتی با معنای فعل تشکیل شده دارد. در این پست برخی از این افعال را معرفی کرده و معنای آنها را درج میکنیم تا با آنها آشناتر شوید.

برخی افعالی عبارتی قابل تفکیک هستند و برخی این طور نیستند. افعال عبارتی می تواند شامل فعل و حرف اضافه یا فعل و قید باشد. برخی افعال عبارتی می توانند مفعول بگیرند و برخی می توانند مفعول نگیرند.

چون معنی افعال عبارتی را نمی توان با دانستن معانی بخش های چند گانه ان تشخیص داد لذا بهتر است تا جایی که می توان این افعال را به خاطر سپرد.

افعالی عبارتی (دوبخشی و چند بخشی) تشکیل شده با come:

فعل معنی
come across به تصادف دیدن / کشف کردن
come away ترک کردن
come back برگشتن
come by کسب کردن
come down نزول کردن / فرود آمدن
come into به ارث بردن
come off موفق شدن / جدا کردن
come out پدیدار شدن / ناپدید شدن
come out with گفتن
come over ملاقات کردن
come round به هوش آمدن
come up یادآور شدن / ذکر کردن
come up to برابر بودن
come up with ریشه گرفتن
افعالی عبارتی (دوبخشی و چند بخشی) تشکیل شده با take:
فعل معنی
take after به یاد آوردن / شباهت داشتن
take away منتقل کردن / جمع کردن چیزی از جایی
take back عقب کشیدن / پس کشیدن
take down خراب کردن / پیاده کردن
take for اشتباه برایِ
take in گول زدن / کوچک کردن / فهمیدن
take off ترک کردن / راهی کردن / بلند شدن از زمین
take on استخدام کردن / تعهد کاری کردن
take out حذف کردن
take over کنترل چیزی را به دست آوردن
take to واکنش نشان دادن / وقف کردن
take up به تصرف درآوردن / بحث کردن / آغاز سرگرمی یا کاری
شرکت کردن take part
رخ دادن / اتفاق افتادن take place

افعالی عبارتی (دوبخشی و چند بخشی) تشکیل شده با bring:

معنی فعل
به یاد آوردن bring back
به جلو انتقال دادن / به زمین انداختن bring down
تولید کردن / در زمان کمتری ایجاد کردن bring forward
تولید کردن / وارد کردن bring in
عامل رخداد چیزی شدن / ادامه دادن bring on
واضح ساختن bring out
به هوش اوردن bring round/to
پرورش دادن / تعلیم دادن bring up

افعالی عبارتی (دوبخشی و چند بخشی) تشکیل شده با turn:

فعل معنی
turn down برگشته / برگرداندن
turn in برگرداندن
turn off خاموش کردن / خاموش شدن
turn on روشن کردن / به جریان انداختن
turn out تولید کردن / وارونه کردن / خاموش کردن
turn over برگرداندن / وارونه کردن / مرور کردن
turn up ظاهر شدن / رخ دادن

برخی از سایر افعال عبارتی:

معنی فعل معنی فعل
پاره کردن tear up مرتب کردن / باز شدن clear up
کشف کردن find out جلوه دادن / خودنمایی کردن show off
بیرون زدن pop out of طفره رفتن / سر دواندن put off
خوردن gobble up ترکیب کردن / ساختن make up
اضافه کردن put on انجام دادن carry out
ترک کردن give up زنده ماندن live through
منقرض شدن die out پش بینی کردن / انتظار داشتن ward off
غرق شدن go down کنار کشیدن move away
پخش کردن / تقسیم کردن hand out مصرف کردن / تحلیل رفتن use up
قطع کردن / به زمین زدن cut down حفظ کردن keep up
حساب کردن work out ترک کردن wear off
تولید کردن come out with شکست خوردن / مردود شدن break down
نوسان داشتن go up and down متصل شدن / اتصال دادن hook up
در نظر گرفته شدن single out سبب شدن / چقه زدن set off
یافتن / آشکار کردن pick out نام نویسی کردن / کمک طلبیدن از sign up
باد کردن / متورم شدن blow up انتقال دادن send back
جمع کردن pack up ملاقات کردن stop by

شایان ذکر است که از این افعال در بیشتر آزمون ها سوال میاد.. پس بهتره در حد توان حفظشون کنین.. البته این افعال همه افعال عبارتی موجود نیستند و تعدادشون بیشتر از اینهاست.

افعال جداشدنی

add up
add

back up
cause to move backwards; support

blow up
cause to explode; destroy by explosives

bring about
cause to happen

bring off
accomplish

bring on
cause

bring out
publish; emphasize

bring over
bring

bring to
revive

bring up
raise; care for from childhood

brush out
brush the inside of

burn down
destroy by burning

burn up
consume by fire

buy out
by the other person’s share of a business

buy up
buy the whole supply of

call off
cancel; order away

call up
telephone; summon for military service

calm down
become calm

carry on
continue

carry out
fulfill; complete; accomplish; perform

carry over
carry; continue at another time or place

cheer up
cause to become cheerful

chew up
chew thoroughly

chop up
chop into small pieces

clean off
clean the surface of

clean out
clean the inside of

clean up
clarify; tidy

clear out
clear the surface of

clear up
clear the inside of

close down
close permanently

close up
close temporarily

count in
include

count out
exclude

count up
calculate; count; add to a total

cross out
eliminate

cut off
interrupt; sever; amputate

cut out
eliminate; delete

cut down
reduce in quantity

draw up
write; compose (a document)

dress up
put clothes on; adorn

dust out
dust the inside of

eat up
eat completely

figure out
interpret; understand

figure up
compute

fill in
complete (a printed form)

fill out
complete (a printed form)

fill up
fill completely (a container)

find out
discover

fix up
repair; arrange in a suitable manner

get across
cause to be understood

give back
return

give out
distribute; announce

give up
surrender something

hand down
deliver; pronounce formally; leave as an inheritance

hand over
yield control of

hang up
suspend

have on
be dressed in

have over
entertain someone informally at one’s home

hold off
delay; restrain

hold up
delay; rob; threaten with a weapon

keep up
continue; keep the same pace

leave out
omit

let down
disappoint

let out
release from confinement; make larger (in sewing)

light up
light; illuminate thoroughly

live down
live in such a way as to cause something to be forgotten

make over
remake

move over
move to the side

pass out
distribute

pass up
not take advantage of (as an opportunity)

pass on
transmit

pay back
repay

pay off
discharge a debt completely; give someone his final pay

pick up
come to meet an escort; lift with hands or fingers; learn casually;initiate an association publicly

play down
minimize

play up
emphasize

point out
indicate

pull down
pull in a downward direction; raze

push across
cause to be understood or accepted

put off
postpone

put on
dress in; deceive or fool

put up
preserve (food); receive as an overnight guest

quiet down
be quiet

ring up
the telephone

rinse off
rinse the surface of

rinse out
rinse the inside of

rule out
eliminate

run down
trace; disparage; hit with a vehicle

run off
cause to depart; reproduce mechanically

save up
accumulate

see through
complete; in spite of difficulties

see off
accompany someone to the beginning of a trip

send back
send to a place where formerly located

send over
send to where someone is

set up
arrange

show off
exhibit ostentatiously

shut off
cause to cease functioning

slow up
cause to move more slowly

spell out
enumerate; state in detail

stand up
fail to keep an appointment with

sweep out
sweep the inside of

take back
return; retract a statement

take down
remove from a high position; write from dictation

take in
understood; fool; deceive; make smaller (in sewing)

take over
take; assume command of

tear down
destroy

tear up
tear into small pieces

tell off
scold; reprimand

think over
consider

think through
consider from beginning to end

think up
create; invent

throw away
discard

throw over
reject

tie up
tie securely or tight

tire out
cause to be exhausted

touch up
repair

try on
put on a garment to verify the fit

try out
test

turn down
refuse; lower the volume

turn out
produce; force into exile, extinguish (a light)

wash off
wash the surface of

wash out
wash the inside of

wear out
use until no longer usable; tire greatly

wind up
finish, tighten the spring of a watch or machine

wipe off
wipe the surface of

wipe out
wipe the inside of; decimate

work out
solve

write down
record

write out
write down every detail; spell out

write up
compose; prepare (a document)

4 Responses to افعال عبارتی یا افعال دو کلمه ای در زبان انگلیسی

  1. sayed Ahmad Alavi می‌گه:

    Hi.Mr Zamani yor webloge is wonderful.

  2. alireza hajarian می‌گه:

    با عرض سلام و خسته نباشی واقعا عالی بود ، فقط اون فعل هایی که معنی اش هم انگلیسی نوشتین خیلی خوب میشود اگر معنی فارسی اش هم بنویسید ،سپاس گذارم.

    • زمانی رمضان می‌گه:

      سلام و متشکرم از پیشنهاد و نظر جنابعالی . سعی می کنم اصلاح کنم در یک فرصت مناسب
      موفق و سلامت باشید انشاالله

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